The Qur’an is the last inspired book sent down by Allah to our Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.W). Quran is the only book Which Allah Himself has taken the responsibility of preserving. Therefore, Allah says in Surah Al-Hijr: Surely we have sent down this Quran and surely we are its guardians. (Ayat 9). According to this verse, there is no one who can change even one letter of the Quran (As was changed in the previous Holy books). This book is safe till the Day of Resurrection. If we look at the order of the Qur’an, then the Qur’an exists in the same order that Allah gave to Muhammad (S.A.W.W) and then the Sahaba (R.A) wrote in the and continued to be written in the same order.
History of Quran:
The Quran was revealed to Muhammad (S.A.W.W) over a period of 23 years. Any verses were revealed by Allah, they would be memorized and these verses were written on various materials such as paper, cloth, bone fragments, and leather. In the time of Caliph Hazrat Abu Bakr when during the battle of Yamama, 70 memorizers of the Quran (Hafiz e Quran) were killed. Hazrat Umar bin Khattab became concerned and appealed to him to compile the Qur’an into book.
How the Quran was written:
When the memorizers of the Qur’an were martyred in the battle of Yamama, Then the Caliph Hazrat Abu Bakr formed a delegation under the supervision of Hazrat Zaid bin Saabit to write the Qur’an in book form. This delegation of 12 people, including famous figures such as Ali ibn Abi Talib, Usman ibn Affan, Abdullah ibn Masood, Talha ibn Ubaidullah, Ubayy ibn Kab, Khalid ibn al Waleed, Huzhaifah and Saleem, This 12 delegation of people gathered at the house of Hazrat Umar and collected all the material on which the Quranic verses were written. In addition, the memorized verses of the Companions were heard in the presence of two witnesses.
Thus, all the most important verses in the Qur’an, that describe the morality, faith, ideal stories of the prophets, creation of Humans etc. Which believers should trust they were all collected. Sayed Ibn al Aas, who was famous for his beautiful writing, he wrote Qur’anic verses in gazelle Skin. The Qur’an was recited in the presence of all the people and no one objected to it. The 33,000 Companions agreed that every letter of the Qur’an is in the right place.